It was a contrast everyone picked up on at the time: this

How Bedlam became ‘a palace for lunatics’

canada goose coats on sale It was a London landmark so famous, tourists would visit it canada goose store alongside Westminster Abbey and the zoo; so notorious, the very name canada goose black friday sale came to mean madness and chaos. It inspired countless poems, dramas and works of art. And the building it was housed in from 1676 appeared so opulent that it was compared to none other than the Palace of Versailles. canada goose coats on sale

canada goose black friday sale This was Bethlem Hospital, more commonly known by its nickname (and the word adapted from it): Bedlam. Almost from the start, Bethlem was much more than a mental asylum. asylum is called a quite early on. Then canada goose it becomes a generic term, and then it something that means more than an asylum there are all these metaphors of the world being great bedlam many old hospitals, Bethlem began as a religious order; it was founded in the 13th Century as a priory dedicated to St Mary of Bethlehem. By 1400, it had become a medieval which then didn imply medical care, but simply meant refuge for strangers in need Jay notes. canada goose coats Those with nowhere else to go turned up at the priory doors. Often as in Shakespeare plays Hamlet and Macbeth it was buy canada goose jacket cheap used as a way to explore the popular question of who was mad, who was sane, and who had the power to decide. The last section of Thomas Dekker and Thomas Middleton 1604 comedy canada goose outlet The Honest Whore, Part I shows Canada Goose Jackets this permeability between and and the fear of how easy it would be to slip from one to the other: the asylum sweeper says cheerfully, sweep the madmen rooms, and fetch straw for and buy chains to tie and rods to whip I was a mad wag myself here once, but I thank Father Anselm: he lash me into my right mind again. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose store View image of Rebuilt in 1676, Bethlem looked more like Versailles than a mental hospital canada goose store

canada goose Designed by Robert Hooke, a City Surveyor, natural philosopher and assistant to Christopher Wren, its 540ft long (165m) fa complete with Corinthian columns and cupola topped turret was inspired by Louis XIV Tuileries Palace in Paris. It looked over formal gardens with tree lined promenades. The overall impression was of the French king opulent estate at Versailles, not of an asylum. This was going to make London a grander and better place for everybody. A for lunatics it often called Mike Jay canada goose

Canada Goose Parka According to Jay, was part of an attempt to recreate London as something grand and modern, instead of the old medieval timber warrens that that part of London consisted of before the fire. And it was a kind of civic pride, and it was a sense of charitable mission: that this was going to make London a grander and better place Canada Goose Coats On Sale for everybody. A for lunatics it often called. The new design was also an attempt to stay on top of what was becoming a contested market; then as now, some of the city most canada goose uk black friday jaw dropping buildings were spurred by capitalist competition. Canada Goose Parka

cheap Canada Goose The interior (and reality) of the hospital, Canada Goose Outlet though, was altogether canadian goose jacket different. Because the ornate fa was so heavy, it immediately cracked at the back. Whenever it rained, the walls ran with water. And as the hospital was built on the rubble next to the city Roman wall, it didn even have a proper foundation. cheap Canada Goose

Canada Goose online The new hospital was, quite literally, putting a pretty face on what many Londoners saw as a messy, distasteful problem. had this weird, creaking, collapsing building from the very beginning. It was a contrast everyone picked up on at the time: this Canada Goose online grand fa and how grim it was on Canada Goose Parka the inside, Jay says. Canada Goose online

canadian goose jacket View image of The hospital may have looked like a palace, but treatment of patients was hardly ideal canadian goose jacket

canada goose coats In 1699, satirist Thomas Brown wrote drolly that the design made you wonder the persons that ordered the building canada goose coats on sale of it, or those that inhabit it, are the maddest. Four years later, Ned Ward had this to say in his famous periodical : came in Sight of a Noble Pile of Building, which diverted us from our former discourse, and gave my Friend the Occasion of asking me my Thoughts of this Magnificent Edifice: I told him, I conceiv it to be my Lord Mayors Palace, for I could not imagine so stately a Structure could be design for any Quality inferior; he smil at my Innocent Conjecture, and inform me this was Bedlam, an Hospital for Mad folks protagonist response: canada goose factory sale think they were Mad that Built so costly Canada Goose Online a Colledge for such a Crack brain Society. the sane were mad, and the mad were sane. Perhaps ironically, given the ways in which contemporaries responded to the asylum architects, one of the ways in which people girded themselves against becoming insane themselves was by visiting Bethlem. canada goose coats

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canada goose clearance In 1681, City governors noted greate quantity of persons that come daily to see the said Lunatickes Though one figure that often given the cheap Canada Goose number of visitors 96,000 a year doesn have much evidence behind it, as Jonathan Andrews et al note in the book, there no arguing that Bethlem was a popular attraction. It was also encouraged by the hospital itself, which benefited both from visitors donations as well as from any later charitable contributions. As Andrews writes, 1610 Lord Percy recorded going to cheap canada goose uk see the lions in the Tower, the show of Bethlem, and the fireworks at the Artillery Gardens. In uk canada goose outlet those days there was nothing odd about permitting or encouraging such a spectacle: all the world was a stage and visiting Bethlem was regarded as edifying for the same reasons as attending hangings. By the 1600s, the most difficult patients were called Bedlam mad Beggars who only pretended to be so as to avoid being sent to a workhouse or to prison, as the Relief of the Poor act of 1601 stated that only the poor who were incapable of work be cared for by the parish, while the rest went to workhouses or even prison were known as o there, the idea mutated even further, coming to mean not just but chaos in general. This interpretation was strengthened by contemporary ideas of London as confused and chaotic. That made Bethlem not only the city set piece, but its symbol. canada goose clearance

Canada Goose sale It didn just apply to London, either. When William Hogarth updated his final panel in The Rake Progress which he famously set in Bethlem Hospital in 1763, he added a large British coin to the wall, a way to ensure the audience understood that his Bethlem was a symbol of Britain itself. Even the world was sometimes a As one (possibly fictional) 1722 account of a visit to Bethlem put it, describing the catastrophic collapse of the South Sea uk canada goose Company two years earlier, the World became a Bedlam, and London and Westminster made but One great Mad House. The palace like building in London was gone. Gone, too, are canada goose clearance the unfortunate conditions that patients lived in: today, Canada Goose sale the hospital runs on a state of the art facility in Beckenham, complete with canada goose uk outlet a museum open to the public. But the idea, and the word, lives on. Canada Goose sale

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